Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. The rhizome yields % diosgenin. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa. An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. The same infusion or.

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Costus afer Ker Gawl.

Leaf sap or a rhizome decoction is taken to treat malaria. Bulbils sometimes develop in the enlarged fruit head of some species. You aver receive a range of benefits including: Stem sap is acid and rubefacient and burns on open wounds, but it is also anodyne and healing, and is applied to different skin ailments. The saponin fraction from the rhizomes and the methanolic leaf extract showed significant abortifacient activity in rats.

The methanol extract of the rhizome showed significant topical anti-inflammatory activity[ ]. Evaluation of acute toxicities of leaf extract of Caesalpinia bonducella L. The rhizome decoction of Costus dubius is taken to treat epilepsy; it is also a diuretic and febrifuge.

Reactions were terminated and absorbance was read as previously mentioned. The flowers are pollinated by Insects. It flowers and fruits throughout the year, depending on the humidity of the soil[ ].


This page was last edited on 14 Mayat Kinetic analysis revealed two modes of enzyme inhibition competitive and mixed. Apomictic behaviour in Costus afer – C. Click on “show more” to view them. The sap can be used to coagulate latex and is also used in skin nourishing creams[ ].

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The extracts delayed arachidonic acid and castor oil-induced diarrhoea in rats. Data were evaluated using Mann Whitney. This plant is used as a remedy for cough, inflammation, arthritis, afee laxative, aparient, purgative, diuretic, in rheumatism and treatment of several other diseases.

Acarbose was used as positive control. The rhizome yields 0. Diosgenin affer mainly obtained from Dioscorea spp. Samples were rinsed with tap water, chopped into small pieces, air-dried at room temperature, and then pulverized into fine powder. This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages. We are currently updating this section.

The same infusion or a rhizome infusion is taken to treat stomach complaints[ ]. Rhizome pulp is applied to abscesses, ulcers and Guinea worm to mature them. Statistical analysis Analysis using the Mann-Whitney test was carried out to examine the cotus significance of differences in the mean levels of the various parameters and biomarkers between the control and test groups using Graph Pad Prism 5. The present study was designed to investigate the hepato and nephrotoxic effects of aqueous extracts of leaves of C.

Costus – Wikipedia

Ater plant parts are used in the treatment of a wide range of illnesses or conditions such as cough, nausea, arthritis, sore throat, epileptic attacks, worms and haemorrhoids, jaundice, urethral discharges, venereal diseases, colic, tachycardia, stomach discomforts, malaria, eye conditions, diarrhoea, and leprosy.


Abstract Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of glucose metabolism which correlates with postprandial hyperglycemia and oxidative stress. The plant Costus afer Ker-Gawl Costaceae is among species of stout, perennial and ater herbs of affr genus Costus. Another species of which the seed contains high concentrations of diosgenin is fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Distribution of bioactive components in the different parts of Costus afer. Costus afer and Costus lucanusianus J. These values were lower than IC 50 of the reference drug, acarbose 3.

The smoke of the dried stem is also inhaled to treat cough. These properties are linked to the phytochemical content of the different plant extracts. A yellow solution indicated the presence of costux. Spiral Ginger, Ginger lily, White spiral costus. Though aqueous leaf extract of C. The rhizome yields 0. We also observed that afrr the extracts were potent inhibitors of -amylase activity low IC 50even better than the reference drug acarbose, they could only inhibit -glucosidase activity weakly very high IC

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