Know more about Eirenaeus Philalethes | News and views about people around the world | Our first look at a New World alchemist. We look at Eirenaeus Philalethes and the person behind the name, George Starkey. He’s one of the. Philalethes, Eirenaeus: Collectanea Chymica: A Collection of Ten Several Treatises in Chymistry, Concerning The Liquor Alkahest, The Mercury of Philosophers.

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However, he complained that the region offered unsuitable material needed for their operation, and therefore believed that relocating to England could provide access to better material and higher quality laboratory implements as well. Arthaud, Newman, Prophecy and alchemy: Naturally enough, Philalethes wants to know what then is the true process for acquiring the philosophers’ stone.

It is time, therefore, that we dispense with gratuitous assumptions drawn from the realm of analytical psychology and approach the historiography of alchemy from a truly historical perspective.

Eirenaeus Philalethes

And yet this is not a body, since it is wholly volatile, nor is it a spirit, because in fire it is rendered a molten metal. Alchemical Laboratory Notebooks and Correspondence.

Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. These terms, although altered from their usual Greek sense, will serve to characterize certain techniques of concealment within an alchemical context Fund[untur] simul ubi instar [aqu]ae fluant, aufer ab Igne, Tune in alio [crucibu]lo [ign]i expone [mercur]ii purissimi [uncias] iii.

Edited by William R. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

philaletthes The Danish Society of Language and Literature, vol. Jung argued that alchemy, viewed as a diachronic, trans-cultural entity, was concerned more with psychological states occurring in the mind of the practitioner than with real chemical processes.


But taking out his copy of d’Espagnet’s Enchiridion Physicae Restitutae, he observes that he can no longer read a single word of it Westfall, The role of alchemy in Newton’s career, in M.

Eirenaeus Philalethes (George Starkey)

My use of the two terms should be considered as an extension of the Greek meaning beyond its original scope. A few years after arriving in London, Starkey began to suffer from his own success. She is naked, and her skin as bright as fine silver.

Available for download now. Withoutabox Submit to Film Festivals. Indeed, his writings were influential in the emerging field of chymistry by advancing the doctrine that chemical phenomena are the result of the interaction of insensible particles accompanied by chemical forces.

The inference lies at hand that. This requires some explanation. He and Sendivow are pihlalethes two best that ever wrote. Must we therefore turn to the analysis of unreason, and employ the analytical psychology of Carl Jung?

Eirenaeus Philalethes (George Starkey) | History of Alchemy

The most recent discussion of the Philalethes matter is in Wilkinson. Views Read Edit View history. Georg Eirenaeu Chymie Nuremberg, It was necessary that a beleaguered Starkey reestablish his financial footing, restore his reputation, and attract new patronage.

After preparing his philosophical mercury, the starting point of the philosophers’ stone, the alchemist is supposed to seal it up with gold in a flask and subject it to slow, even heating. University of Chicago Press, phklalethes John Ferguson, Bibliotheca chemica Glasgow: But let us conclude our exposition of Philalethan allegory here by generalizing on its method. Since Philalethes occupies such a prominent place in Jung’s interpretation of alchemy at large, an assault on the Jungian analysis of Philalethes will therefore bring the whole enterprise of his psychologizing view of alchemy into question.

Perhaps surprisingly, Starkey’s Philalethes writings can indeed be decoded by ohilalethes comparing passages in one text with those of another. With the doves of Diana we meet a new level of interpretative difficulty, for Philalethes is as chary in describing them as he is prolix in his synonyms for antimony.


During his early years in Bermuda, Starkey displayed interest in natural historyas evidenced by his written entomological observations of philallethes insects indigenous to Bermuda.

Starkey views the crude antimony as the agent, or magnes, eigenaeus the iron is the patient, or chalybs. Psychologie et alchimie Paris: But there is another element that the reader was meant to derive from his alchemical sources. Philalethes is here announcing to the reader that he has solved the enigma of the noble Pole.

The method and materials Jun 16, phi,alethes High to Low Avg. Most alchemical texts eirrenaeus commentaries on older authors who were assumed by the exegete to have been adepti. The 4 Eirenaeus Philalethes and Carl Jung result was that European alchemy became ever more dependent on its specialized language of images and tropes. This allowed his detractors to capitalize on the very story that Starkey himself had created about Philalethes, namely that Starkey was only the intermediary, rather than the author, of the Philalethan corpus.

Collecting this herb together with its roots, you will carry it until you come to the base of a mountain. Imprisoned for a brief period of time, Starkey returned to the practice of alchemy and medicine upon his release in late Eirenaeud way, the point would remain the same — that the recipe represents a stark example of syncope.