Definition. The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last six. Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. The Oromo society was structured into two distinct but cross-cutting system. They also say investigating Oromo society without considering the Gadaa System is merely like a man walking without a skeleton. In fact, many.

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Oromo philosophy, art and calendar are based on Gada as an expression of Oromo civilization. In most literature, the Qaaalluu institution was referred to as Abbaa Muuda which is derived from ritual muudaa of principal figure.

Daniel Berhane Daniel Berhane. On important occasions, members of the ruling Gada Councils and assemblies, active and retired, emphasize these themes and pass the knowledge through the words of mouth. The councilors are elected and proclaimed as leaders gadax their group or class at the beginning of grade IV.

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They are also fair in recruitment. The investiture of Gada leaders at this stage is distinguished from the induction of Gada councilors during proclamation ceremony in the 24 yadaa Heads of each Cibra are called Abba Cibra. Some scholars argue that the social organization of Gadaa System has something to do with the core democratic principles and gives big lesson to the world in various field of study. Inscribed in This is a possible indication that democracy is sustainable where it is socially and culturally grounded, and not simply self-proclaimed democratic republicanism.

Still among various Oromo groups Qaalluu is believed to be the eldest son of Oromo and therefore given the title of father. To address comments or complaints, please Contact us.

Every individual through age-set enjoys various right and takes obligation in the life of the society in his life time.


The major activity of the Gada Assembly can be described as legislative. Decisions over the use of common resources and the settlement of disputes are reached after thorough discussions and deliberation. Hadha Caaccuu mother of Chaachuu is the leader of Caaccuu.

But, they have given information on their reference to African societies that used to live along the Nile Valley and around East African peoples. And ordered the man to teach peoples of Walaabuu. As a social institution, it functions as a mechanism of socialization, conflict resolution, judicial administration, religious expression and social harmony.

These were age regiments consisting of the married Gada class members, Qeerroo bachelors and qondala youth. To spell, the single unit ‘Ga’ represents law and ‘Da’ represents ‘Waaqa’ God. In the process of Gadaa governance Qaalluu is regarded as a representative of God, who is responsible to keep peace and order in the society.

Gadaa – Wikipedia

As to the study, age-set type of organizations might have begun when the society needed to sustain social order among themselves and to repel their rivals that were competing with them for land, water and power. What social functions and cultural meanings does the Gada system have today for its community? This, according to Legesse, [7] is the main shortcoming of Oromo Democracy. A brief summary description of the Gada system The Oromo are known for their remarkable indigenous democratic socio-political system known as the Gada which they have kept working for the last five centuries.

However, the Gadaa had all the shortcomings and problems like that of the monarchial Oromo and monarchial non-Oromo Ethiopian systems of governance. The innocent person is called ‘Garraamitichaa’ which literary means an old innocent man of Walabuu. The classes are taught by oral historians covering history, laws, rituals, time reckoning, cosmology, myths, rules of conduct, and the function of the Gada system. Every citizen has the right to speak and be heard in the Assembly of multitudes.


In a new development, women were allowed to attend the general meeting – something previously not expected of them. The tone, the gesture, the accent, the pause and other oratorical finesses are sufficient among several clans to strongly nuance the word De Salviac Gadaa regarded as one of the ancient type of social organization by relating it to culture of other Cushitic people. The Gada Assembly Yaa? Definition The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last six hundred years.

All the gadas in grade IV formally become members gaddaa Gada class at this stage and, with the induction of their leaders, the group becomes institutionalized as a corporate body. Within forty years, all five parties serve their nation constituting ‘One Gadaa’. One of such is the Gadaa system of the Oromo People. The symbol of authority is? It is eystem border between generations. Those elected young Gada councilors and other members of the class in their twenties and early thirties marry at this stage.

The Oromo society was structured into two distinct but cross-cutting system of pear group.? The knowledge and practices of the Gada System have been transmitted from generation to systek in various ways. Hence, he seeks to balance the individual freedom of expression on the one hand, and the orderly environment of deliberation on the other. To sum up ‘Caacuu’ is a symbol of fertility and prosperity and also female ritual symbol according to Diinsa’s description.

Views Read Edit View history. It was the introduction of fire arms into the region by Europeans that changed the balance.