Carlon Robbins PHILS Reading Response 12/05/10 Irigaray: “Plato’s Hystera,” from Speculum of the Other Woman The Belgian-French feminist. Speculum de l’autre femme (; Speculum of the Other Woman), which was highly From Irigaray held a research position at the Centre National de la . Luce Irigaray is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst and cultural theorist. She is best known for her works Speculum of the Other Woman () and.

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While she is clearly influenced by the history of philosophy, her own project of creating a new space for redefining women does not permit her to privilege any one philosophical approach. La fonction de la femme dans le discours philosophiquelater retitled as Speculum: The Other as Another Other.

This book, while over 3o years old, has n This book, like many other examples of post-structuralist French criticism, features an opaque writing style and wide-ranging references to the Western philosophical canon, which makes it difficult to read.

Both agree that the ahistorical, overly universalized character of traditional psychoanalytic theory must be rejected. In order to prove that language excludes women from subjectivity, Irigaray conducted research that links the exclusion of women from subjectivity in Western epeculum to the speech patterns of men and women.

Presently, she is active in the Women’s Movements in both France and Italy. Luce Irigaray and Sylvere Lotinger. Speculum of the Other Woman. Irigaray concludes from her research that women are not subjects in language in the same way as men. Freud introduces the idea of an imaginary body in The Ego and the Idin the section of the same name, when he describes the ego self-consciousness as neither strictly a psychic phenomenon nor a bodily phenomenon.

In the third section, in which there is no engagement with a male philosopher, Irigaray describes how the infinite is essential to love between men and women. When these texts were first published, these views were widely interpreted as suggestions intended to initiate discussions between women utopian ideals and not as prescriptions for social change.

A compilation of interviews with Irigaray about select work written in the 80’s and 90’s such as Sexes and Genealogies and Language is Never Neutral.


She’s not as imcomprehensible and pretentious as her mentor, but the book is loaded with a lot of intellectual glossolalia that the parrots will tell you is evidence of her great depth it’s not. One among many unique claims of Lacan’s is that the infant acquires sexual difference in his or her relationship to the Phallus.

Luce Irigaray is othsr Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst and cultural theorist. Irigaray utilizes myth to suggest that mothers and daughters need to protect their relationships and strengthen their bonds to one another. How’s THAT for a title? A point of the book is to to uncover how specluum and reactionary male-dominated theory has been through history.

Speculum of the Other Woman: New Edition by Luce Irigaray

Even though it has been decided that these struggles will die out in the Sun, that light will conquer darkness and truth fantasy, that the father in other? Also includes an extensive discussion of th language of indirection that Irigaray believes facilitates ethical relationships between men and women. For Irigaray is not suggesting that the social role of women will change if they merely step over the line of nature into culture.

She does accept fundamental sexual difference, it’s just that men and their cocky eyeballs have all misconstrued the terms of that spexulum. Irigaray utilizes her analyses of the male philosophers to discuss the following themes which are essential to her ethics: Referring to the French language as a clear example-even though she believes that the structure of the English language does not exempt it from sexism-she discusses the dominance of the masculine in both the plural irgiaray the neuter, th takes the same form as the masculine.

Carolyn Burke and Gillian C. Overall, she maintains the belief that biographical details pertaining to her personal life hold the possibility to be used against her within the male dominated educational establishment as a tool to discredit her work.

Luce Irigaray

Several of her later texts are dedicated to her work in the women’s movement of Italy. Her alleged failure to be clear, or to give a concrete, linear feminist theory, are invitations for readers to imagine their own vision for the future. This book, while over 3o years old, has not lost its relevance. Further, Irigaray believes that all women have historically been associated with the role of “mother” such that, whether or not a woman is a mother, her identity is always defined according to that role.


Two main discourses that maintain a strong presence throughout her work are psychoanalysis, with Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan as its representatives, and philosophy. Mimesis is a process of resubmitting women to stereotypical views of women in order to call the views themselves into question. As another example, she agrees with Heidegger that every age has a concept that underlies and informs its beliefs, but is radically unknown to it. Irigaray speculates thus that perhaps, “the way women are used matter less than their number.

However, for Irigaray, this very idea is just another aspect of the phallogocentric register which positions the masculine as the law, order, logic, Truth, Reality, the Idea, Forms, Being, etc. Only one form of subjectivity exists in Western culture and it is male. Feb 28, Tory rated it it was amazing Shelves: Read this as an undergrad for my comprehensive exams. Irigaray argues that both men and women have to reconfigure their subjectivity so that they both understand themselves as belonging equally to nature and culture.

Catherine MalabouMartha P. Freud attempts to explain female subjectivity and sexuality according to a male model. Irigaray models solidarity among women in her unwillingness to belong exclusively to one group. Interesting thesis about connections with Deleuze and Guatarri. Due to this condition, philosophy is the educational method that aids in the search for Truth and Reality, thus unshackling us from our chains and imprisonment inside the cave, and moving us outward and upward to the sun of illumination.

I asked too much from this, Irigaray’s debut work. Jun 27, Haley rated it it was amazing. Dimensions 6 x 9 in. Cornell University Press, Exclusive Ethics Irigaray’s view of ethics is criticized because she describes the quintessential ethical relationship using a man and a woman. Dense reading, but if you’re feeling adventurous, give it a try. Irigaray’s Project Irigaray argues that, since ancient times, mothers have been associated with nature and unthinking matter.