ENCEFALOMIELITIS AUTOINMUNE EXPERIMENTAL PDF

Br J Pharmacol. Oct;(4) doi: /j x. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) as a model for multiple. La inducción de la encefalomielitis autoinmune experimental (EAE) mediante la glicoproteína de la mielina del oligodendrocito (MOG) en ratones C57BL/6. Keywords: multiple sclerosis, encephalomyelitis, autoimmune, experimental, Latin Estudios sobre la encefalomielitis autoinmune experimental (EAE) en.

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The maximum clinical score was 3. Proper formation of the emulsion was verified by placing one drop onto a Petri dish containing PBS. This model mimics many of the symptoms and clinical signs typical of multiple sclerosis MS in humans.

Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) as a model for multiple sclerosis (MS).

Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis EAE is the most commonly used experimental model for the human inflammatory demyelinating disease, multiple sclerosis MS. The following evaluation scale was used, prepared from previous results of other authors in this model [14, 15]: Epub Nov The experimental system thus became a model of demyelinating disease and human autoimmune disease Baxter, From a molecular perspective, it was shown that effector cytokines mainly IL were positively regulated in the brain of diseased animals.

Retraction of any of the hind limbs to the abdominal region while hanging in this position constitutes one of the initial signs of the disease, and is associated with pathological processes in the spinal motor nerves, including axonal degeneration [22, 23].

This procedure is not equally successful with every animal species, however —especially when using myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein MOG for this purpose— due to variations in genetic background and allele polymorphisms of class II histocompatibility complex molecules and T-cell receptors [9].

Key clinical features Classic EAE in mice causes so-called flaccid paralysis characterized by decreased muscle tone that progresses from the tail upward along the body.

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Immune tolerance and control of CNS autoimmunity: Removing the need to inject a bolus of antigen or T cells into the animals, as in active induction and passive transfer, makes the process of disease onset much less artificial, says Vijay Kuchroo, an immunologist at Harvard Medical School in Boston. Please sign in or create an account. Epub Apr Transforming growth factor beta is dispensable for the molecular orchestration of Th17 cell differentiation. EAE generally targets the spinal cord and sometimes the cerebellum, encefalomkelitis inflammation followed by demyelination and axonal damage.

Figure 1A shows average clinical indexes for each experimental group, per day. It is mostly used with rodents and is widely studied as an animal model of the human CNS sutoinmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis ADEM.

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The maximum clinical score of the diseased animals reached high values during the development of EAE, experimenta, there was correspondence between clinical signs, the results of molecular assays and the observed ultrastructural modifications, which consisted mainly of demyelination and axonal damage at the spinal cord. Unable to load video.

In the course of his experiments, the encefalojielitis, Thomas Rivers, injected control animals with emulsified brain tissue; they developed brain-specific antibodies and a proportion of them became transiently paralyzed.

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There is data pointing to Th17 cells as effectors wutoinmune this disorder [25]. They create a situation that experimentla so extreme on the cellular level that the condition they trigger differs in crucial ways from MS. Accepted in April, IL drives a pathogenic T cell population that induces autoimmune inflammation.

This page was last edited on 23 Augustat Active induction—direct immunization with myelin protein or peptides thereof—is the easiest and fastest way to induce EAE.

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Se lava la malla con 4 ml de PBS. Nat Rev Drug Discov.

Disease processes that can be studied EAE provides a powerful framework for investigating the inflammatory elements of MS. TH17 cells in development: The positive effect of hydrocortisone on the clinical symptoms of EAE-affected animals Figure 1A was corroborated with statistical comparisons Figure 1B.

Researchers widely agree that EAE has played a significant role in uncovering basic immunological features of multiple sclerosis—as well as immune response more generally. Oral versus intravenous steroids for treatment of relapses in multiple sclerosis. In the alternative approach, called adoptive transfer, animals are immunized against a particular antigen and then sacrificed.

Basic local alignment search tool. Body weight loss was associated with clinical deterioration at the initial stages of the experiment. A number of clinical and molecular variables, together with ultrastructural analyses, were used to demonstrate the implementation of the model. IL plays an important experimemtal in the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. In addition, environmental factors can be determinant in the development of EAE.

Encefalomileitis to the results, the diseased encefalmoielitis exhibited increased levels of IL mRNA, in agreement with the data published by other authors working on this model [34].

Leptin is a hormonal peptide produced by adipocytes that participates in the regulation of energy balance and food intake in the organism [32]. Demyelination is produced by injection of brain extracts, CNS proteins such as myelin basic proteinor peptides from such protein emulsified in an adjuvant such as complete Freund’s adjuvant.

Injection of adult neurospheres induces recovery in a chronic model of multiple sclerosis.